4 metrics to monitor the health of your investment portfolio
NOTE: A version of this article first appeared on the ASX website, and a newer version of this article is here: 4 ways to monitor the health of your investment portfolio.
October 2018 was a tense month for investors worldwide. There is already a lot of superstition surrounding this month; this coupled with the media doomsday forecast of crashing markets, and an escalating trade war between China and the US, it's no wonder investors were on the edge of their seats.
Since the beginning of the Dow, October has consistently taken the crown as the month with the most volatility; even when you remove the crashes of October 1929 and 1987.
Even when expected, I understand that volatility can make anyone anxious, and leave some wishing for the good ol' days when you simply paid money into a superannuation fund and in however many years it sprouted into a large sum, and you'd be all set for retirement. While this sounds like a dream, it is sadly no longer an actuality.
As is being highlighted with findings from the Royal Commission's probe into our superannuation sector: it's best that individuals take ownership of their own investments. The old system is no longer working for us.
So, how does one keep from losing cool while the financial markets seem to be going rabid? Easy. Understanding how your portfolio has been performing overall, not just in the last month, is the best antidote to help you remain calm and make the best decisions. To help you do that, use these 4 metrics to monitor the health of your investment portfolio:
1. Annualised Total Performance
Keeping track of your annualised total performance is essential as it helps you to understand how your investments are doing, thus helping you to make informed (rather than impulsive) decisions.
You must track everything.
If I asked you what your online brokerage account plus superannuation plus employee shares are worth, could you give me an accurate figure? Often times, even those investors who think they know how they’re doing often aren’t calculating their true returns. That’s because they rely on one or both of the following:
a) Relying on their broker
Broker performance figures are often just the difference between what you paid and since the latest market price. These figures aren't right because:
- They don’t factor dividends (and dividend reinvestment plans) into your returns
- They don’t factor brokerage fees or currency fluctuations into your returns
- They don’t provide a total annualised return (a 20% return over five years is really only a 4% return per year)
b) Relying on a spreadsheet
I'm sure you don't need me to tell you that tracking your investments on a spreadsheet is tedious manual work that is prone to errors. Just in case you're a spreadsheet lover, and that one went in one ear and out the other, let me repeat: Tracking your investments on a spreadsheet does not guarantee you are calculating your true returns.
We used to love spreadsheets, too, but thanks to technology we have been able to improve these old systems. Isn't it results that we're all looking for? Replace your manual and labour-intensive spreadsheet with portfolio tracking software that provides:
- Automatic updates
- Your true performance
- A visualisation of your portfolio
2. Dividend Yield
Dividends make up part of your performance returns; if you’re not tracking them, you’re not getting the full picture. This is especially true if you participate in a dividend reinvestment plan (DRP).
Amazingly, most online brokers don’t factor dividends or DRPs into their return figures. Meaning you are not getting a complete picture of your performance returns.
To be a successful investor with dividends in your portfolio, you must understand the following:
- How to properly track the funds you receive
- The tax implications
- The impact of dividend reinvestment
Sadly, tracking dividends is labour intensive and can be a severe pain in the neck. Again, smart tracking technology is the solution to these problems as we can now automatically receive dividend information from the share registries, including tax information and you can enrol an entire holding into a dividend reinvestment plan, or reinvest specific dividends. Nothing is left open to error.
3. Asset Allocation
Reviewing the impact of your asset allocation lets you understand the true drivers of your performance, be they stock selection, asset allocation, or exposure to certain countries, sectors, or industries. Asset allocation also helps you to easily compare and contrast the winners and losers in your portfolio – so you can make the most of your investments.
Diversification is an effective way to manage risk/return, limit exposure to any single asset and align your portfolio with the level of risk appropriate for your situation. You may be in a position to take riskier growth assets, or you may need to favour an asset mix of cash and defensive holding.
You should review your asset allocation across various dimensions including: Market, Sector classification, Industry classification, Investment type, Country, etc.
Benchmarking your portfolio allows you to determine the relative performance of your portfolio compared to the overall market during a particular period. You’ll understand whether you "beat the benchmark" or “beat the market”, and if not, it allows you to consider what else you could have done with your money.
For example, if you want to track the performance of your portfolio against the ASX200 index, select an ETF that is modelled on that index (such as ASX: A200) which provides a true apples-to-apples comparison.
Don't compare your portfolios against the index prices you see in the news.
Keep your portfolio healthy
Getting an accurate picture of the health of your investment portfolio can be tough with so many moving pieces to shuffle. Left to spreadsheets and third parties, you expose yourself to incomplete pictures of your portfolio, which can lead to poor decision making. Combine these four tactics, with portfolio management technology like Sharesight, to gain ultimate control of your investment portfolio. Keep your portfolio healthy - sign up for Sharesight today.
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