What is debt recycling and how does it work?
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Debt Recycling isn’t exactly like recycling your newspapers or bottles, but in a similar way that recycling is good for the environment, debt recycling can also be good for your wallet.
Debt recycling is a process that can potentially make you more money by turning non-deductible debt into deductible debt.
How does it work? Well, interest paid on debt to fund an investment is tax deductible, whereas interest paid on your home loan is not. If done effectively, you could collect 1.36% (after tax return) more than if you invest in your personal capacity without debt recycling or 1.77% more than paying off your home loan.
In practice, this means that if you have $10,000 to invest, you could use it to invest (maybe buy shares), or to pay off your home loan, or even make additional contributions to your super fund.
To debt recycle, you mix the first two of these options.
That is, you could use the $10,000 you have saved to repay some of the outstanding balance on your home loan, then redraw $10,000 on your home loan and use that money to invest in the same shares.
By doing this, nothing has really changed… yet. You don’t really feel those savings until you do your tax returns. You still owe the same amount on your home loan and you still have the same $10,000 shares – but the interest on the $10,000 is now tax deductible.
That’s why it’s called debt recycling.
Debt Recycling is not gearing. Gearing is increasing the amount of overall debt to increase your investing capacity.
For example, let’s say Catherine has a salary of $90,000. She pays tax of $22,150 (32.5% plus 2% Medicare levy), leaving after tax income of $67,850. She has a home loan balance of $400,000 at 5.64% interest, so she pays $22,560 interest in a year.
She has saved $10,000 to invest in shares and plans to add $500 per month to this investment. The investment that Catherine is considering is a high growth diversified fund with a total growth rate of 8.42% that consists of a capital growth component of 3.11% and income of 5.30% per annum.
|Scenario A (without debt recycling)
|Scenario B (with debt recycling)
|Home loan balance
In scenario A, she uses the $10,000 to buy the shares.
In scenario B, she uses the $10,000 to reduce her home loan to $390,000 and then redraws $10,000, which she uses to invest.
Her personal balance sheet is no different. She has the same assets and the same debts.
When you debt recycle, there is no change to your assets or liabilities.
But when you look at Catherine’s income, things change for the better:
|Scenario A (without debt recycling)
|Scenario B (with debt recycling)
|Investment interest paid
|After tax income
|Balance of home loan interest
|Cash after home loan
The benefit of $195 after tax is the equivalent of earning an extra 1.95% on her investment of $10,000 after tax.
The higher your tax rate, the bigger the benefit.
This means that if you are investing and still have money owing on your home loan, you will usually be better off if you use the funds to pay down your home loan and invest using funds redrawn from your home loan.
Below is a practical example of the effect using debt recycling compared to paying off your home loan or investing in your personal capacity.
Over a 10-year period the Catherine will have contributed a total of $70,000 that consists of the original $10,000 together with the $500 per month.
|Scenario A (pay down home loan)
|Scenario B (without debt recycling)
|Scenario C (with debt recycling)
|After 10 years
|After tax return pa.
The difference between paying off your home loan or investing in your personal capacity without debt recycling is immaterial. However, by using debt recycling and generating deductible interest that can be offset against investment income, the difference is sizable in the long run as you may have $8,527 more when compared to an investment without debt recycling or $10,982 compared to paying off your home loan.
If you’re new to the concept of debt recycling, we recommend you find a mortgage broker or contact Life Sherpa to help minimise your stress and maximise your benefits. Either way, it can be good to get an idea of what the process is like and know when debt recycling is the right move for you.
You have saved up some cash and you have a home loan on your home (not an investment property).
The balance outstanding on your home loan is less than 80% of the valuation of your home.
You have decided to invest (rather than pay down your home loan).
Interest is only tax deductible if it is used to acquire an investment or to refinance a loan previously used to acquire an investment.
It is vital that the flow of funds from the draw down on the loan to the purchase or refinance is clear and the funds do not get mixed in with funds on which the interest is not deductible.
This means the borrowed funds should never be placed in an offset account prior to being invested.
It also means that you should have a separate loan account (or split) for the investment portion.
Now might be a great time to review your home loan to make sure it's right for you and your debt recycling activities.
Take the amount you have saved (in this case $10,000) and make a repayment on your home loan.
Ask your lender to create a separate split for the undrawn portion of your limit (now increased by your $10,000). Most banks will allow you to split your loan into as many separate facilities as you need.
Consider setting the split to interest only so you only pay interest and do not service the principal amount that is outstanding. This maximises the benefit – although be careful of paying a higher interest rate for this feature. Your financial planner or accountant will help you assess if the tax benefit exceeds the cost.
Draw the $10,000 and transfer it directly to the cash account associated with your share trading account.
Make the trade.
Make sure the extra redraw is a separate facility.
The extra split is usually best structured as an interest only facility to maximise your deductible interest.
Keep this split separated from your other accounts and never deposit other monies into the new split.
A good broker will help you set this up for worry-free debt recycling. If you are a Life Sherpa member, your Sherpa will help you get the right loan at the right price and give you cash back to help you maximise your savings even further.
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